Porokeratosis has a number of alternate names related to it. It is otherwise known as brown warts, barnacles, seborrheic verruca, senile keratosis, basal cell papilloma, or senile warts. As a clonal keratinization disorder, porokeratosis becomes visible as a cornoid lamella. A cornoid lamella is consists of parakeratotic cells that are stacked tightly to one another, and is seen spread over the stratum corneum.
There are five clinical porokeratosis variants that are very well-known. These are linear porokeratosis, porokeratosis palmaris et plantaris disseminate, disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis, punctate porokeratosis, and classic porokeratosis of Mibelli. Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis is quite widespread in the United States. The remaining four variants are rarer in incidence.
People with fair skin are much more at risk to this disorder. Porokeratosis is actually rather rare among darker-skinned people.
The two types, porokeratosis palmaris et plantaris disseminate and classic porokeratosis of Mibelli, affect twice as many men than women. Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis happens 3 times as much in women compared with men. In the case of linear porokeratosis, on the other hand, it appears in proportional numbers between men and women.
With regards to the statistics when it comes to age, porokeratosis palmaris et plantaris disseminate and linear porokeratosis can appear at any age. Meanwhile, classic porokeratosis of Mibelli usually begins to develop starting from childhood. People afflicted with disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis usually fall within the 30-40 age bracket.
What causes porokeratosis? Porokeratosis may occur because of sun exposure, ultraviolet light exposure, immunosuppression, therapeutic phototherapy, radiation therapy, and genetic inheritance. A study showed that ten percent of renal transplant patients later developed the skin condition.
Individuals with porokeratosis must keep away from any sun exposure. They should remember to don protective clothing against the sun’s rays and put on sunblock.
There are a lots of techniques that can be part of porokeratosis treatment. Individualized treatment for patients is the best technique. Doctors base the kind of treatment on the patient’s preference, the functional and aesthetic considerations, the size of the lesion, the lesion’s anatomical location, and the risk of malignancy.
For lots of porokeratosis patients, emollients as well as proper sun protection might be all that they will need. The patient must also be watchful for signs of malignant degeneration.
Another method for porokeratosis treatment is surgical care. Lesions that have become malignant as time has progressed require surgery to be performed on them. The most appropriate surgical modality for malignant degeneration is excision. Cryotherapy, electrodesiccation, curettage, diamond fraise dermabrasion, and laser therapy have also been used to treat porokeratosis. There are also creams available to treat porokeratosis, such as Ag3derm Cream.