Various types of keratosis all have one thing in common – an overproduction of keratin in the skin. Each have a different method of therapy, the remedy varies depending on the extent of risks it poses to health.
Actinic keratosis is associated to squamous cell carcinoma; for that reason, this condition can be very serious. After the occurrence of AK’s for a number of years, some of these lesions may worsen into squamous cell carcinoma. The transformation rate of this AK into squamous carcinomas also depends of the number of lesions that appear. People who suffer from this type of keratosis should always be cautiously examined by a medical professional.
Avoiding exposure to the sun is best for anyone with actinic keratoses, even if the lesions are decreasing. Cryotherapy treatment is used for shallow lesions of this keratosis in most cases. Acid peels and sun screens can also use to treat this condition. Nevertheless, a medical professional should always be asked before using any kind of treatment.
Cutaneous horns are forms of keratosis that are deemed to be precancerous. This condition should be treated by a physician. Treatments range from a cream to surgical removal. Treatment choices include laser therapy and a freeze dry procedure. The latter causes the growth to be detached from the skin. It is better for this keratosis to be eradicated earlier to avoid the severity of this condition.
Keratosis pilaris, on the other hand, can be treated easily. A person suffering from this type should avoid hot showers as they can dry the skin more. Using a loofah to gently exfoliate the skin can also help to treat this form of keratosis. Moisturizing body lotions and creams can also be used. Other treatments for this keratosis include glycolic or salicylic acid, microdermabrasion, or facials.
Another type is porokeratosis. Porokeratosis treatment can be performed through different methods. Treatment for this kerotosis must be individualized since treatment varies depending on certain factors such as the lesion’s anatomical location, the size, the aesthetic and functional issues, risk of malignancy, as well as the patient’s preference.
For most cases, using sun protection as well as emollients might be all that is necessary for the relief of this keratosis. Patients should also observe any indications of malignant deterioration.
Various types of keratosis are easily treated by a medical doctor particularly by a dermatologist. Early action swiftly eradicates any unsightly bumps or spots. Not all types of keratosis can lead to cancer; however, early treatment is necessary to avoid the development of the keratosis into more serious problems in the future.